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New recreational marijuana laws

Marijuana legalization in Michigan, rules, and penalties if the rules are broken

For the past decade, the people of Michigan have been trying to make marijuana legal in the state. Finally, a proposal to legalize recreational marijuana was certified by the Board of State Canvassers in April 2017 and the proposal was voted ‘Yea’ just a few weeks ago. So what does all this mean to the residents of Michigan? Read on to find out the rules and penalties for legal use of recreational use of marijuana in Michigan:

How will recreational marijuana be regulated in Michigan?

Marijuana will be regulated just like alcohol. This means the under the new state law, one will be allowed personal possession and use of marijuana as long as one is at least 21 years of age. Further, the marijuana sold in retail stores will need to be legally cultivated and sold only in licensed stores. There will be a tax on marijuana, just like alcohol. A photo ID may be required for people who look younger than their stated age. For the seller, it will be illegal to sell marijuana to any individual under the age of 21. Further, all marijuana retailers and growers MUST be licensed by the state.

Will I be able to smoke marijuana anywhere?

Absolutely not: Just like you are not allowed to drink alcohol in a public place, the same rules will apply to recreational marijuana. The business owners or the landlord may prohibit the individual from smoking marijuana on their property. In addition, one will not be able to smoke marijuana in a mall, park, or on a public street. As long as your landlord allows it, you will be able to smoke in the home. If it is your home, then you have nothing to worry about.

Can I drive a car while smoking marijuana?

This topic still remains debatable because there are no tests to determine if you are high on marijuana while driving a car. However, experts in law recommend that just like alcohol, avoid driving a car while you are smoking marijuana. If you have just smoked marijuana, get someone else to drive you. The legal system may err on the side of safety and blame you if there is an accident.

How much marijuana can one buy at any one point in time?

Based on the proposal, any individual over the age of 21 will be able to buy, use, and process 2.5 ounces or 15 grams of marijuana concentrates.

Will I be able to share my marijuana with others?

According to the proposal, you can only share your marijuana without payment to an individual over the age of 21. If you distribute or share the marijuana with anyone under the age of 21, expect a heavy monetary penalty.

What doses of marijuana will be available from retail stores in Michigan?

In the retail stores, marijuana will be sold in increments starting from an eighth to a quarter ounce, half an ounce and an ounce.

How will the recreational marijuana be available?

At the moment, retailers who are licensed will be able to sale processed marijuana and marijuana-infused edibles only in government-approved stores.

Will I be able to grow marijuana plants in my home?

The proposal will allow individuals to grow up to 12 marijuana plants for personal use only and store up to 10 ounces from these plants in the residence provided that the product is kept in a locked container.

How much marijuana will a resident in Michigan be allowed to keep at home?

The proposal will allow for a 10-ounce limit on marijuana in the home. In addition, any amount over 2.5 ounces will need to be secured in a locked container.

Will the marijuana sold in retail stores be taxed?

Yes, there will be a 10% excise tax on all marijuana sales. Here is how the Michigan State Treasury Department plans to spend to tax money earned from marijuana sales:

  • The money will go towards administrative duties and enforcement of the marijuana act
  • Any remaining money will go towards more research and clinical trials that have been approved by the US FDA and sponsored by a non-profit organization or a scientific researcher at an academic institution. The research will need to be conducted on the clinical benefits of marijuana for a variety of medical conditions.
  • Any money left over will be split as follows: a) 15% will go to the local municipality where the retail business is located b) 15% will be for the local county where the marijuana business is located c) 35% will go towards the local schools and d) 35% will go towards repair of the roads and other infrastructure in that particular area.

What about the use of recreational marijuana in the workplace?

Just like you can’t drink alcohol in the workplace, you will not be allowed to smoke recreational marijuana at work. If you do, you may be terminated. Many employers in Michigan do conduct pre-employment testing. And once you are employed, you may be tested for use of illicit drugs. Because most workplaces have zero tolerance for illicit drug use, the best recommendation is not to use marijuana in the workplace.

Where can I grow marijuana?

While the proposal does allow one to grow marijuana at home, this must be in a secure area and not visible to the public. The area will need to be enclosed with locks and/or security. You may have to tell your home insurer and/or local utilities that you are growing marijuana at home.

Can marijuana be banned by any county in Michigan?

Yes, under the proposal any local county will have the right to ban the operating of marijuana farms or retails stores. In such scenarios, these municipalities will not be entitled to any of the tax revenue.

What will be the cost of marijuana sold in retail stores?

While the exact prices have not been fixed, it is expected that one ounce will probably be sold for $150. This is the price for an ounce in several other states and surveys indicate that most consumers are happy with the fee.

What will happen to the people who were previously arrested for marijuana possession?

Those individuals who were arrested previously for marijuana possession will not automatically be pardoned. At the moment, the proposal has not addressed if these individuals will be able to buy or possess marijuana in future- but experts feel that once recreational marijuana is available, they will have the same rights of purchase or to grow the recreational marijuana.

At present, there is also a nationwide movement going on ways to legalize recreational marijuana and many lawyers are claiming of fair treatment of those previous incarcerated for possession.

What other states have legalized the sale of recreational marijuana?

Besides Michigan, California, Maine, Colorado, Nevada, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Nevada, Vermont, Oregon, and Washington all permit legalized use of marijuana only for recreational purposes.

However, all Michiganians should know that under federal law recreational use of marijuana is considered illegal. For example, if you buy recreational marijuana legally in Michigan, you cannot sell or transport it to another state. Even carrying it on an airplane is considered a crime. The present Trump administration and Dept of Justice are continuing to restrict the use of recreational marijuana. Fortunately, there is currently a partisan bill making its way through Congress that may limit the federal laws when it comes to prosecuting Americans for recreational marijuana use.

The Bill was known as Strengthening the Tenth Amendment Through Entrusting States (STATES) Act will ensure, “that each State has the right to determine for itself the best approach to marijuana within its borders.”

How will the state monitor the sale of recreational marijuana?

Since the State will be collecting taxes, it will license each marijuana retail business including retailers, growers, processors, and distributors. Anyone not licensed will face severe penalties.

When will the recreational marijuana be legally available in Michigan?

It is hoped that recreational marijuana will be available in early 2020. It may take a few more months to organize the licensing of the stores and manufacturers, plus the state has to ensure that everyone is aware of the rules and regulations. So realistically, recreational marijuana should be available in the early part of 2020.

Alcohol abuse during holidays

There is no question that people drink a lot more during the holiday season than at any other time of the year, and this applies to both the regular drinker and the social drinker. The most drinking is done during the July 4th weekend holiday, followed by Halloween. The Christmas and new year holidays are a close third. For some unknown reasons, alcohol plays a major role in almost every festivity, party or celebration during the holiday season. The most common alcoholic drink consumed during the holidays is beer, followed by wine. During the Christmas holiday season, the majority of alcohol is consumed at parties, clubs, bars and other people’s homes. The one other fact is that during this holiday season, binge drinking is very common. Many people make a promise of abiding by just one alcoholic drink but unfortunately, the ‘party’ mood and peer pressure leads to excess drinking.

The real problem is that drinking alcohol during the holidays usually leads to making a bad decision(s). Besides ruining one’s health, many people get behind the wheel of a car and consequently get involved with the law; and in the majority of cases, the outcomes are never good. Those caught drinking and driving are often arrested, some lose their driving privileges temporarily, others have to pay monetary penalties, enter rehab and worse, if there is an injury to other people or property, the driver is often incarcerated and faces huge monetary penalties. In many cases, the repercussions of alcohol consumption during the holidays go way beyond the party; those who get involved with the judicial system often lose their jobs, families are torn apart and havoc is created in both interpersonal and interprofessional life.

There are many reports indicating that alcohol consumption during the holidays is often associated with a greater rate of motor vehicle accidents, personal injury and property damage.

The repercussions of alcohol

Binge drinking during the holidays is a nationwide problem. The Centers for Disease Control has stated that binge drinking not only leads to alcohol toxicity but is associated with serious impairment in judgment, motorcar accidents, falls, violence and even damage to the liver. In addition, alcohol removes inhibition and many people participate in a liberal sexual activity which also places them at risk for sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. In short, except for feeling exuberant for a few minutes, no good ever comes out of drinking alcohol during the holidays.

Why do people drink more alcohol during the holiday season?

For many people drinking during the holidays is normal practice. For decades, the tradition of serving alcohol at parties has been gathering momentum. Alcohol seems to be a ‘magnet’ for an invitation to parties; many people do not turn up to events where there is no alcohol. Others drink to be sociable and acceptable. During the holiday season there are way too many parties both at work and at clubs; in addition, the gathering of family and friends usually puts everyone in the mood to drink a little alcohol- but more often than not, the ‘little’ drinking soon gets out of control and everyone drinks a lot.

There are several other reasons why people drink during the holidays including depression, being lonely, stress, and feeling isolated. Tragically one very common reason why people turn to alcohol is because of financial difficulties which usually start because of the need to maintain a certain status in society. Some people feel that they must buy the perfect gift for everyone and very soon realize that they are not able to afford it. Others spend so much money on presents that they are not able to pay rent; and in such circumstances, some people drown all their problems and sorrow in alcohol.

How many people drink alcohol during the holidays?

The exact number of people who consume alcohol during the holiday is not known but the numbers are huge. People of all ages, race, gender, and ethnicity imbibe in alcohol. Data released from the Distilled Spirits Council of the US reveal that just during the months of November, December, and January, consumers spend over $9-$12 billion on alcoholic drinks. Go to any liquor store during the holiday season and at any time of the day, night or weekend, there are always long lineups of people either waiting to get in the store or waiting to check out the alcoholic drinks. What is worrisome is that during the holiday season, people buy all types of alcoholic drinks and when they can’t find what they want, they will pick up anything left on the shelves. And a great many people do actually buy potent alcoholic drinks without even knowing the potential harm that can happen.

What else makes the holiday season dangerous?

While alcohol itself is a potent poison that can impair judgment, during the holiday season there are also many more cars on the road and the weather is often poor. What is also a major problem over the past decade is that many people combine alcohol with other illicit agents like marijuana, prescription medications, methamphetamine and cocaine. And with people continuing to use their digital devices in the car, these deadly series of risk factors place the alcoholic driver and everyone else on the road at serious risk for injury including death.

Attitudes towards holiday drinking

During the holiday season, for some unknown reason, the public lets off their inhibitions and throws all cautions away. The public is usually only interested in getting to the party, drinking alcohol and having a great time. During these parties, the alcohol also leads to unpredictable and erratic behavior, combined with screaming matches, physical altercations, and rowdiness. To make matters worse, alcohol fuels inappropriate comments, ill-advised sexual overtures towards the colleagues and even violence- often leading to the pink slip on the spot.

Accidents and Death linked to alcohol

On average, there are about 1,000-1,200 alcohol-related deaths during the holiday season. In addition, data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reveal that December is a dangerous month for motorists and pedestrians. For the past decade, almost 40% of the fatalities that occur during the holiday season have been linked to alcohol. And to make matters worse, thousands of people are injured during motor vehicle accidents, some with serious injuries leading to lifelong disability. Those convicted of operating a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol often face steep monetary penalties, loss of their driving privileges, fees to pay a lawyer and then are faced with civil suits by the injured parties.

So what should the public do during the holidays?

  1. If possible one should abstain from alcohol during the holiday season; if that isn’t

possible, go easy on the amount of alcohol consumed. Spacing the alcoholic drink over several hours and drinking ample water in between the drinks allows the body to break down the alcohol. The water also dilutes the alcohol and minimizes the adverse effects. 2. For those planning to drink alcohol at a party, make sure you have a designated driver or a sober friend who can drive you back home. Rest assured, law enforcement is out in force during the holiday season conducting sobriety checks. 3. For those who have multiple parties to attend to, just limit yourself to one drink only and abide by that rule. 4. For those who are concerned about alcohol consumption during the holiday season, one

other way is to avoid people who drink and/or avoid places where alcohol is being served 5. Visit bars that promote non-alcoholic drinks; to entice guests these bars often provide free non-alcoholic drinks, and this is the ideal way to enjoy your holidays.

What about chronic alcoholics who want a break from alcohol?

The holidays do create a lot of stress on some people and this often leads to excess alcohol consumption. For those who feel that they do not have control over alcohol, perhaps a short inpatient stay in a rehabilitation facility may help. Most of these rehab facilities are empty at this time of the year and getting into the center is a lot easier and faster. However, one should try and get into the rehab center before the end of the year, because by January, there is a high burnout rate and the places get full pretty fast. Unfortunately being an inpatient at a treatment program during the holidays is not fun but for some, this is the only way to avoid the temptation to drink alcohol.

Most alcohol rehab facilities also have their own Christmas party and New Year celebrations, but instead of alcohol serve other healthy alternatives. In addition, these centers do encourage supportive family members and friends to join in the celebrations, so the admitted person does not feel lonely. While being admitted to a rehab center for a drinking problem may appear as big negative, it will allow you to start a new life after the treatment. This will give you a chance to develop confidence and better work ethics so that when you leave the center you can apply for a decent job. Many employers are sympathetic towards alcoholics who have taken steps to correct their drinking problem.

Conclusion

The holiday season should be seen as a privilege and one should appreciate that fact. This is something that you have earned and thus, the holidays should be considered an investment. Hence, take into account the negative effects of alcohol and how it can ruin your social, financial, personal and professional life. Granted alcohol consumption is a historical tradition for the holidays but if you want to live a life with no hassles, there are many better ways to enjoy the holidays. Give alcohol a break this holiday season and avoid putting your life or the lives of other people at risk. Instead of drinking alcohol, drink water instead. This bland beverage is free, has ZERO calories, will not make you fat and will never get you into any problems with the law. Have safe holidays.

National Suicide Prevention Week Brings Awareness to Mental Illness and Drug Addiction

September 10th through the 16th was National Suicide Prevention Week. During this time, many events were held to raise awareness for suicide. Stories were told about suicide attempts, lost loved ones, and experts discussed how to prevent it from happening.

The goal of the events was simply to bring awareness to the rising problem of suicide. Every year, approximately 34,598 people die from suicide, and 864,950 attempt it. This translates to about 94 suicides a day, or one person every 38 seconds tries it.

 

Many people are scared of getting murdered, but the risk of suicide is higher. It’s the 11th cause of death for all ages.

 

The risk factors are many, but most of them have to do with:

 

  • Mental illness (depression, anxiety)
  • Alcohol and/or drug abuse
  • Family history

What This Means

If you’re struggling with a mental disorder or alcohol/drug abuse, you are at risk of suicide. Even if you do not think or plan on doing it now, there may be a time in the near future that this could happen. The risk increases significantly if someone in your family either committed suicide or attempted.

 

Once you are in the depths of suicidal ideation (the thoughts of killing yourself), it’s difficult to free yourself from them. Fascination comes into play, and that can take you to a place where convincing yourself it’s not the right choice becomes nearly impossible.

 

That’s why it’s important that if you have any of the major risk factors, such as mental illness, addiction, and/or family history of suicide, you seek help immediately.

 

How Michigan Counseling Group Can Help

Michigan Counseling Group provides services to help you or your loved one prevent suicide. We offer:

 

Counseling: Therapy offers an out for people. Talking about issues, understanding why they are issues, and coming up with a plan on how to solve them can be overwhelming to do on your own, but not with a counselor. This professional can help you understand your thoughts and feelings, and relieve them enough so you can take steps that will prevent you from feeling hopeless.

 

Testing: Accountability means a lot when you’re trying to recover from an addiction. Knowing you’ll have a drug test in morning can keep you clean the day before. As you get through the beginning of recovery knowing you’re being tested, it will become easier to deal with the withdrawals and the cravings will decrease.

 

Monitoring: Just like testing, being monitored can keep those suffering from addiction accountable. Our SCRAM CAM, SCRAM GPS, and SoberLink technologies can keep people from drinking to keep them sober for longer.

 

At Michigan Counseling Group, we are committed to providing the services needed to help people recover from addiction, alcoholism, and mental illness, so they can lead better lives.

 

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If you or someone you know needs help, please call Michigan Counseling Group today.

Does Substance Abuse Counseling Really Help?

Does Substance Abuse Counseling Really Help?

If someone were able to get rid of substance abuse without professional help from a therapist or counselor then that would probably a great accomplishment. However, not everyone is designed physically or psychologically to take on their addiction directly – they usually need substance abuse counseling. There are several drug addict victims who cannot fight the battle alone since their cravings and relapses are quite tough to deal with.  

Substance abuse treatment in Detroit essentially includes substance abuse counseling along with family counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy, and several other approaches to help the victims recover from their addiction. Psychotherapy has the power to treat a variety of psychological conditions, which is often the underlying cause for substance abuse.

Why is counseling so important in treating substance abuse?

It’s not only physical dependence on the substances but also the social and psychological factors that puts person at high risk for a relapse. Some of the factors that can trigger a relapse are:

  • Stress,
  • Environmental changes like visiting a specific place or locality ,
  • Spending too much time with friends and family members who abuse drugs themselves .

These factors can be very strong, and can result in an irresistible urge to take drugs or other substances. Substance abuse counseling helps the addicts block cravings successfully and also helps them to deal with life situations in a confident, and appropriate manner.  

Detroit substance abuse treatment programs are extremely popular among residents of Michigan as they have proved to be very effective in dealing with substance abuse. Counseling therapies are a blend of several therapies in the right manner so that the problem of substance abuse in tacked in a holistic manner. Thus, there is no fixed approach to counseling and the treatment plan is customized based on the needs of the individual.

Several Metro Detroit substance abuse agencies prefer group therapies over individual therapies. The logic behind this is that in group therapies victims are challenged as well as supported by their peers who are also drug abuse patients. Another substance abuse counseling tool is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, or CBT, which helps a person identify the thoughts, situations, and moods which trigger a drug craving. They are also taught to use positive thoughts to weed out any negative thought that usually triggers substance abuse.  

Substance abuse treatment agencies have been helping substance abuse victims get over their addiction and lead a sober, healthy life. These benefits make it clear that people suffering from the problem of substance abuse, no matter how strong their will power is,  should always think about seeking help in the form of substance abuse counseling .

 

Detroit Substance Abuse Treatment Programs – Lifeline for Teenagers

Detroit Substance Abuse Treatment Programs – Lifeline for Teenagers

One’s teenage years are the time when an individual is extremely curious and adventurous, which leaves them vulnerable to substance abuse. Many go through emotional ups and downs due to hormonal changes in their body, and they may use drugs to deal with these new feelings and problems. Because of those issues, Detroit substance abuse treatment programs have been sought after by parents who want to restore normalcy to the lives of their teenage sons or daughters. However, these programs are not always enough to prevent or deter youngsters from substance abuse – friends and family have to play a vital active role as well.

How does a parent know that their teenager is engaging in substance abuse?

This is quite a common question but parents must understand that substance abuse can begin at any age; however, people are usually drawn to drugs in their youth. If you notice sudden behavioral changes in your teenage child without any concrete reason like depression, lethargy, or acting withdrawn, then there is a chance that he/she might be abusing drugs.  There are some other obvious signs of drug abuse which includes change in friend circles, steady decline in academics, eating and sleeping changes, and/or losing interest in favorite activities, etc.

Substance abuse manipulates the brain and can be treated when you take your teenager for substance abuse treatment. Clinics in Metro Detroit are popular for treating teenagers successfully. Repeated substance abuse impacts the brain wherein the victims lose their ability to thoroughly weigh decisions, make judgments, memorize and learn, and control their behavior. Only you can help your teenage son or daughter and seeking professional help is the first step towards that.

You can start being proactive by taking your child to Detroit drug treatment centers where they will screen your child for symptoms and signs of substance abuse. These centers have addiction specialists and who have the necessary skills to take care of young people addicted to drugs. Getting your teen to subscribe for substance abuse treatment programs can be a challenging task because most teenagers don’t like the idea of going to a doctor because frequently they are in denial mode.

You may have to create some incentives for your teenager to go to the doctor and not get into a confrontational intervention as that could easily backfire. You need to understand that your child is still immature and you might have to force a few decisions while at times taking his or her opinion. It’s more of a trial and error method so keep trying because your child’s life is at stake.

 

4 Kids Found Living in Detroit Home with Fentanyl Lab

4 Kids Found Living in Detroit Home with Fentanyl Lab  

The Michigan State Police Chemical Unit is on their way to the home to remove the substances” – WJBK, Detroit Fox News

You know it’s bad when the Michigan State Police Chemical Unit is on the way to your house to remove ‘substances’ and your children have been removed from your custody and given to their mother.

That is what one father is going through today, as just this morning his four children were found living in his Livingston/Washtenaw area home in Detroit where a fentanyl lab was being ran out of the basement. And to make matters worse, the fentanyl; an opioid pain medication that is significantly stronger than morphine, was being cut up, and sold off as heroin.

It was less than six months ago when eleven police officers were exposed and made ill to particle air dust from a fentanyl/heroin substance in Harford, Connecticut during a drug bust. Police across America have been trained and warned about fentanyl’s dangers, including thousands of overdose drug deaths, as a small amount can be potent enough to be deadly. Since a small amount can cause death when ingested through the airways or absorbed through the skin, the concern is rising as it continues to be used in more and more areas as a substitute or addition to heroin.

It’s pretty safe to say that fentanyl is some pretty nasty stuff, and it’s horrific to think four children were living a few feet above a lab messing around with the drug. If you or someone you know has a problem with heroin, opioids, or fentanyl, please seek help immediately.

“Heroin is bad enough, but when you lace it with fentanyl, it’s like dropping a nuclear bomb on the situation,” Mary Lou Leary, a deputy director in the White House’s Office of National Drug Control Policy, told NPR. “It’s so, so much more dangerous.” – DrugFree.Org, Fentanyl-Laced Heroin Worsening Overdose Crisis, Officials Say

 

How We Help

Michigan Diagnostic Alcohol and Drug Services helps to address the issues people have when suffering from fentanyl, opioid, and heroin drug disorders. Let us help you help them.

Drug & Alcohol Testing Services – If you have offenders, clients on probation, loved ones addicted to drugs or have other needs that require instant lab results, MDAD’s has the solutions you need. With instant drug and alcohol testing and instant lab results available immediately to help you keep them on track and accountable towards their drug free life. All lab results are admissible in court and legal proceedings.

Counseling Services – With our counseling services, people find new life skills to assist them in everyday life as they continue to build towards a future without the need for drugs or alcohol. Our professionals help get to the root of the problem, the wounds that haven’t healed, so the driving force behind the need to ‘escape’ is gone.

Offender Monitoring – MDADS offers a variety of monitoring solutions to assist your client or offender trying to build his or her life back up, and are used by government agencies and bail bond companies all over the country. – M-TRACK – GPS – Scram CAM – HOUSE ARREST – BREATH PBT.

 

MDADS Drug Testing - Warren MI

Michigan Drug Raids Expose Deeper Issues

Michigan Drug Raids Expose Deeper Issues

January 17 was a bad day for drug dealers in Gallia County. In a span of 24 hours, Sheriff Matt Champlin of Gallia County and his deputies raided an alleged trafficking site and meth lab. This resulted in arrests and seizures of drugs and cash.

Cracking down on the drugs being trafficking across Michigan and the nation is one issue. The other, deeper issue is the influence and impact of the drug addiction that has infiltrated the streets. The amount of illegal activity is evident when raids like the one in Gallia County occur. While arrest and prosecution can be a solution, it’s doesn’t attack the root of the problem – drug addiction.

It’s not easy to eradicate the drug problems in our area. The purpose of police and prosecutors are simply to make drugs less accessible, but this is time-consuming and dangerous. Most criminals are armed and have a wide net of allies. Raids may only skim the surface of the problem, and may even increase the hostility among the drug community.

It’s the root of the area’s drug problem that must be taken care of. The root of drug addiction lies in:

  • Insecurity
  • Loneliness
  • Unemployment
  • Hopelessness

All of these contribute to the drug culture in this nation. Not until we are able to solve those feelings and situations will we be able to get a hold on the effects of addiction.

How We Help

The lack of resources to help addicts is the #1 complaint of most prosecutors. With no source of referrals for drug addiction, addicts simply float through the system with no direction. This leads to overpopulated prisons and a drug society that functions inside and outside of the penitentiaries.

Michigan Diagnostic Alcohol and Drug Services (MDADS) is a full-service referral source for people suffering from drug addiction.

 

  • Drug and Alcohol Testing: With lab and instant drug testing in our facility, we can ensure offenders remain compliant with probation. All of the tests performed can be used in courts and legal proceedings.

Our drug and alcohol testing can also be performed for pre-employment and random screen drug screens for employees. Partnerships with hiring agencies and local/county courts have made it possible to ensure employees are clean and sober for employment.

With unemployment being a huge reason for drug addiction, drug screens can ensure employers can hire workers with drug-related records. This can be an important, first step towards an addiction-free life.

 

  • Offender Monitoring: MDADs offers M-TRACK. This accountability monitoring solution is powered by SCRAM and SOBERLINK, and is being used by state, county and local court agencies, as well as bail bond companies. Other services include Scram CAM, GPS, BREATH PBT and HOUSE ARREST monitoring systems.

 

  • Counseling Services: Insecurity, loneliness, and hopelessness lie in those who are suffering because of mental disorder or life’s tragedies. Uncovering the source of these feelings and attaining resolution can lead to recovery in mental health and addiction.

 

Our referral system can help prosecutors secure family marriage counseling, substance abuse counseling, individual group therapy, and alcohol and drug assessments. These therapeutic resources along with monitoring and drug testing services, offenders addicted to drugs can begin and achieve addiction recovery.

Contact MDADS today for more information on these and other services to help your substance abuse clients. We work with many law offices in the area to help them provide their clients with the resources they need to save their life from the consequences of drug-related crimes.

 

https://mydailytribune.com/opinion/12472/their-view-6

 

 

 

 

The importance of Verifying Urine Samples

 

By: Kumar W. Giri

May 21, 2016

 

We have all heard the stories of how offenders tamper with their own urine samples.  Diluted samples have become a common instance, usually by the time the sample has been checked by a lab it is too late.  What choice are the courts and probation left with?  Most of the time the option is to either violate the offender for dilution or just ignore the test and wait until the next time they test to see what happens.

 

The first step to making sure that samples are not tampered with is security and visually monitoring the client when the sample is being taken.  This first step not only helps with the prevention of urination devices but also helps stop the use of synthetic urine which is very difficult to detect via testing.

 

The second step to make sure samples are not tampered with is to test for adulterants.  The adulterant strips should be used at the time of collection, it is important to verify the sample before performing any type of test or sending it out to a lab.   There are multiple brands of adulterant strips on the market, most test for a minimum of 7 common adulterants.  The following guide lists the adulterants and the effects on the drug testing process.

 

Creatinine:  This is a byproduct of Creatine which is used by the body to make muscle.  Creatinine has two primary uses in urine analysis  The first is help check for dilution, a low level of Creatinine is the first indication that the sample may be diluted.  Creatinine can also be used as an indicator of new marijuana, creatinine will stay in the system for a longer time than THC.  An example of how the ratios work are below:

 

Specimen A B C
Collection Date: 08-02-11 08-10-11 08-20-11
THC level (ng/ml): 350 450 180
Creatinine level (mg/dl) 52 150 20
THC/CR Ratio : 6.7 3.0 9.0

 

Specimen A has a THC/CR ratio of 6.7 compared to Specimen B with a ratio of 3.0. Over this time period, the decline is consistent with abstinence.  However, new marijuana use is indicated in the time period between Specimen B and Specimen C.  Although the THC levels decreased the lowered creatinine level can help indicate there was some type of new use because the THC/CR ratio increased from 3.0 to 9.0. (Norchem 1999)

 

Glutaraldehyde: Glutaraldehyde has also been used as an adulterant to alter urine drug test results.  This product is available under the trade name UrinAid. The manufacturer sells this product for $20 to $30 per kit. Each kit contains 4 to 5 mL of glutaraldehyde solution, which is added to 50 to 60 mL of urine.  Glutaraldehyde solutions are available in hospitals and clinics as a cleaning or sterilizing agent.  A 10% solution of glutaraldehyde is available from pharmacies as over-the-counter medication for treatment of warts.  Glutaraldehyde at a concentration of 0.75% by volume can lead to false-negative screening results for a cannabinoid test using the EMIT II drugs-of-abuse screen.  Amphetamine, methadone, benzodiazepine, opiate, and cocaine metabolite tests can be affected at glutaraldehyde concentrations between 1% and 2% with EMIT immunoassays.  At a concentration of 2% by volume, the assay of cocaine metabolites is significantly affected (apparent loss of 90% sensitivity).  A loss of 80% sensitivity was also observed with the benzodiazepine assay.  (Medscape 2007)

 

Nitrite:  This tests for common adulterants like Klear or Whizzies.  These adulterants work by oxidizing the marijuana metabolite THC-COOH.  Normal urine should contain no trace of nitrite.  If the urine is nitrite positive, then the urine was probably adulterated.

 

Oxidants:  This tests for the presence of oxidizing agents such as bleach and hydrogen peroxide.  UrineLuck, a popular adulterant product, is one of the agents tested for.  Normal human urine should not contain oxidants or PCC.

 

pH-Testing:  This tests for the presence of acidic or alkaline adulterants in urine.  Normal pH levels should be between 4.0 and 9.0. If outside this range, the sample may have been altered.

 

Specific Gravity: This tests for sample dilution.  The normal range is between 1.003 to 1.030.  If the value is not within this range it may be the result of dilution or adulteration.  This detects if the client has flooded their system with water right before a test to dilute the results of the test.

 

Pyridinium Chlorochromate:  Tests for the presence of oxidizing agents such as bleach and hydrogen peroxide. Pyridinium chlorochromate (sold under the brand name “UrineLuck”) is a commonly used adulterant. Normal human urine should not contain oxidants or PCC.

 

At MDADS, we prescreen all samples for adulterants before any type of test or process for lab verification has been started.  This helps insure the most accurate and dependable test results for the courts and clients.  For more information about our testing procedures please visit www.micounselinggroup.com or email us at info@micounselinggroup.com.

 

Norchem. (1999, February 15). THE CREATININE LEVEL. In Norchem Lab. Retrieved May 17, 2016, fromhttp://www.norchemlab.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Creatinine.pdf

Dasgupta, A. (2007). The Effects of Adulterants and Selected Ingested Compounds on Drugs-of-Abuse Testing in Urine. Am J Clin Pathol128(3), 491-503. Retrieved May 17, 2016.

How To Catch Someone Trying To Pass A Drug Test. (n.d.). In Home Health Testing. Retrieved May 17, 2016, fromhttp://www.homehealthtesting.com/how-to-catch-drug-test-cheaters.html

Cheat Protection Chart. (n.d.). In Employee Drug Testing Ace. Retrieved June 17, 2016, fromhttp://www.employee-drug-testing-ace.com/resources/glossary/define-cheat-protection-chart

CDC issues new voluntary guidelines for Opiate Prescriptions

 

By:  Kumar W. Giri

May 21, 2016

 

“44 people die in the United States from an overdose of prescription painkillers, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Drug overdose is now the the leading cause of accidental death in the United States, surpassing car crashes, according to the American Society of Addiction Medicine.” (USA TODAY 2016)

 

Stats like the ones above have pushed the CDC to start investigations into the root cause of the opiate epidemic.  Several months ago they issued new guidelines for the prescription of opiates for acute and chronic pain relief.  The study which was published in JAMA, concluded with 12 recommendations for physicians, nurses and other clinical staff.  

 

The recommendation that stand out the most is:

 

“Long-term opioid use often begins with treatment of acute pain. When opioids are used for acute pain, clinicians should prescribe the lowest effective dose of immediate-release opioids and should prescribe no greater quantity than needed for the expected duration of pain severe enough to require opioids. Three days or less will often be sufficient; more than 7 days will rarely be needed” (JAMA, 2016)

 

There has been a lot of talk recently about doctors and other medical professionals over prescribing opiates for years.  This study supports the idea that doctors need to pull back the amount of opiates that are being prescribed to patients for acute pain, at most the patients that suffer acute symptoms should get a maximum seven day supply and at most times not more than three.

 

Other recommendations include:

 

When prescribing opioids for chronic pain, clinicians should use urine drug testing before starting opioid therapy and consider urine drug testing at least annually to assess for prescribed medications as well as other controlled prescription drugs and illicit drugs.

 

Clinicians should avoid prescribing opioid pain medication and benzodiazepines concurrently whenever possible.

 

When opioids are started, clinicians should prescribe the lowest effective dosage. Clinicians should use caution when prescribing opioids at any dosage, should carefully reassess evidence of individual benefits and risks when considering increasing dosage to 50 morphine milligram equivalents (MME) or more per day, and should avoid increasing dosage to 90 MME or more per day or carefully justify a decision to titrate dosage to 90 MME or more per day

 

When prescribing opioids for chronic pain, clinicians should use urine drug testing before starting opioid therapy and consider urine drug testing at least annually to assess for prescribed medications as well as other controlled prescription drugs and illicit drugs.

 

This guideline have led to the FDA to issue black box warnings to physicians, which are the highest level warning that can be given out to clinicians.  They hope that the warning will help clinical staff to at least think twice when prescribing opiates for pain relief.

 

Although there has been a large push back on the actions of the CDC and the FDA by the pharma industry, it seems the regulations on opiates will continue to grow.  The recent death of the singer Prince, who died of a fatal dosage of opiates and benzodiazepines has pushed legislators to pay attention to the opiate epidemic.

 

In response to the local issues of metro detroit, we at MDADS have started a 12 week prescription pill educational group with a strong emphasis on the dangers of opiates.  Our educational group feature 1on1 sessions with Licensed counselors, group classes and random drug testing.  We believe that a combination of education, accountability and individual therapy will help our clients recover from the extreme addition that takes place with opiates.  For more informtion about our progrmas please visit www.micounselinggroup.com or contact us at info@micounselinggroup.com.

 

Also for more information on the CDC study can be found at:

 

http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2503508

 

Szabo, L. (2016, March 16). Doctors told to avoid prescribing opiates for chronic pain. In USA Today. Retrieved May 17, 2016, fromhttp://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2016/03/15/cdc-issues-new-guidelines-opiate-prescribing-reduce-abuse-overdoses/81809704/

Dowell D, Haegerich TM, Chou R. CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain—United States, 2016. JAMA.2016;315(15):1624-1645. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1464.

Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. (2016). In CDC. Retrieved May 17, 2016, fromhttps://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/guidelines_at-a-glance-a.pdf

MADCPO OFFICIAL BEACH BBQ

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MDADS 1st Annual MADCPO BBQ (RAIN OR SHINE)

RSVP TODAY!!!

If you have any questions? Please call us at 586-489-2088.  PLEASE LEAVE A CALL BACK NUMBER AND CITY.

EVENT

Wednesday May 25th @ the 1st St Beach RED cover Pavilion (Look for the Lion).

TIME

1:00 pm to 5:00 pm

LIVE DJ

DJ ADAM will play music from 1 pm to 3:30 pm and then will be taking requests from 3:30 pm to 5:00 pm.

FREE SHUTTLE

We will be having a Shuttle to and from the beach.

1st Shuttle leave’s at 1:15pm from the front of the Casino.  Ask for the MDADS shuttle.  The shuttle will be back every 15 minutes for pick up and drop off.

LOOK FOR THIS SHUTTLE

Event Bus

M-Chef’s BBQ MENU:

Food will be served from 1:30 pm-3:30 pm. (grilled off site, delivered ready to eat)

Grilled Burgers (Fresh bakery Buns) *If requesting vegan burgers please make notes below*

Grilled hot dogs (Fresh bakery Buns) *If requesting Kosher hot dog please make notes below*

Condiments (onion, cheese, pickles, relish, mustard, ketchup, and mayo)

Signature red skin potato salad (contains onion, mayo and eggs)

Baked beans (contains onion and bacon)

Fresh fruit (strawberry, pineapple, grapes and melon)

Individual bags of chips (assorted lays brand)

Soda, Water & Juice

MAKE SURE TO STOP BY OUR BOOTH FOR OUR RAFFLE AND TO GET YOUR MDADS GIVEAWAYS.  WE ARE HONORED TO BE A PART OF MADCPO AND WANT TO THANK THE HARD WORKING MEN AND WOMEN FOR YOUR SERVICES.